Since it merged with Fibria in January 2019, Brazil-based Suzano is among the largest paper and pulp companies in the world, with markets in 80 countries. It also owns the biotechnology company Future Gene, which has operations in Brazil, Israel, the U.S., and China. With over 2 million hectares of land, including over a million hectares of plantations (as of mid-2019), Suzano and its subsidiaries have instigated widespread conflicts over land with indigenous, quilombola (Afro-descendant), and other rural communities. In Bahia and Maranhão states, the company and its suppliers have been accused of land-grabbing, large-scale destruction of native forests, and psychological and physical violence. Conflicts around its Aracruz paper mill date back to 1967, when it displaced thousands of communities to establish large eucalyptus plantations - many of which continue to inhabit the region, where they face severe contamination from agrochemicals, water shortages, and criminalization. In Maranhão State, Suzano and its subsidiary Paineiras are involved in several land conflicts, with one estimate holding that 70% of the company's plantations are traceable to land grabs.